Advanced Characterization Techniques for Thin Film Solar Cells

Inorganic thin-film photovoltaics is a very old research topic with a scientific record of more than 30 years and tens of thousands of published papers. At the same time, thin-film photovoltaics is an emerging research field due to technological progress and the subsequent tremendous growth of the photovoltaic industry during recent years. As a consequence, many young scientists and engineers enter the field not only because of the growing demand for skilled scientific personal but also because of the many interesting scientific and technological questions that are still to be solved. As a consequence, there is a growing demand for skilled scientific staff entering the field who will face a multitude of challenging scientific and technolo­gical questions...

Read More

Solar Energy Engineering

Worship of the sun can be traced back to the very limits of history. That it was a fundamental and ubiquitous stage in the development of man can be seen by the fact that in the Americas the Aztecs, and even earlier peoples, worshipped the sun; the people of Oceania, the Druids of Europe, the peoples of China and ancient Egypt worshipped the sun—in fact all the great early agrarian civilizations have practiced sun worship in one form or another. Whenever man has started to use the soil and realized (consciously or un­consciously) the effect of the sun on his life, he has come to worship it for its power. So today, we do not worship the sun, but we know and appreciate the extent of its influence on our lives...

Read More

Solution-Processed Donors

Beate Burkhart and Barry C. Thompson

Department of Chemistry and Loker Hydrocarbon Institute, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089-1661, USA barrycth@usc. edu

1.1 Introduction

With the world population growing rapidly, the energy demand is predicted to increase up to 40% by 2035 and one of the biggest tasks in recent history is to find technologies that can meet this challenge. Even though fossil fuels currently dominate the energy market, it is projected that renewable energy sources will play a much bigger role by 2035 due to increasing prices and limited resources of nonrenewables as well as environmental concerns [1].

Enough solar energy reaches the earth within 1 hour to meet the energy demand of the human population for an entire year [2], but electricity generati...

Read More

Acknowledgments

While it’s impossible to adequately thank everyone who has contributed to our 14th edi­tion Solar Living Sourcebook and to Real Goods’ extraordinary 36-year odyssey in general, several people stand out above the crowd. In the 36 years and 14 editions of this Sourcebook, more than 700,000 copies have been sold in 44 English­speaking countries. For this edition, thanks go first to Alan Berolzheimer, our managing edi­tor, who toiled tirelessly over many months to manage the new chapters as well as the old while putting his all into the entire book. His master­ful pen and mind often performed miracles of weaving straw draft copy into gold nuggets of final prose...

Read More

Solar Collectors and Panels, Theory and Applications

edited by

Reccab M. Ochieng

The title of this book was specifically chosen to encompass all the chapters presented in the book. Solar collectors and panels have become household and industrial items being used for power production, heating, cooling and are even being used for outer space research because of their environmentally friendly nature.

The reason for writing this book was to put together some material which are related in a way and can give those interested in the field of renewable energy a quick start but can also provide detailed information on what is going on in the dynamic area of solar collectors and panels research...

Read More

SOLAR CELLS

When considering how best to present a volume on organic solar cells, we quickly realized the inherent complexity and depth of the topic. On one hand, it is a technology on the verge of commercialization, while on the other hand, there still remain a large range of fundamental and technological questions to be answered. These include a better understanding of the physical processes occurring within and at the interfaces of active and interlayers, device architectures optimized simultaneously for performance and lifetime, and remaining challenges related to large-scale cost-efficient manufacturing. In order to enable industrial implementation of organic photovoltaics (OPV), parallel progress in these and many other pertinent areas is required...

Read More