To evaluate the performance of the MAS-based smart grid protection system for the impact of growing penetration of wind energy in the grid, a test system as shown in Fig. 16.2 is used for simulation under different wind power penetration level. In the following sections, we discuss about the function of individual autonomous agents which are responsible for coordinating the protection relays by detecting and isolating a fault with the corresponding CCT information.
Fig. 16.8 Fault current x 104
Fig. 16.9 Breaker fault current