The Organizations

Today, the federal solar energy RD&D program is largely the domain of the Department of Energy (the EPA has some solar programs as well), but it was not always the case that a single agency was in charge. In the early years many agencies were involved; some were formed and dissolved or entered and left the program within the period covered by this volume. Much of chapters 3 and 4 deals with the interagency ebb and flow of programmatic responsibilities. The reader may find this somewhat

Table 1.1

History of the total solar or renewable energy program budget in current and 1993 dollars

Fiscal

year

GNP deflator (EIA data)

Federal budget (current year $)

Federal budget (1993 $)

Total

c^ulative (current year $)

Total

c^ulative (1993 $)

1974“

44.9

20.6

57.0

20.6

57.0

1975

49.2

48.0

121.2

68.6

178.2

1976

52.3

158.7

376.9

227.3

555.0

1977b

55.9

282.2

627.0

509.5

1,182.0

1978

60.3

408.8

842.0

918.3

2,024.0

1979

65.5

484.3

918.3

1,402.6

2,942.4

1980

71.7

548.4

949.9

1,951.0

3,892.3

1981

78.9

548.9

864.0

2,499.9

4,756.4

1982

83.8

221.3

328.0

2,721.2

5,084.3

1983

87.2

197.0

280.6

2,918.2

5,364.9

1984

91.0

176.5

240.9

3,094.7

5,605.8

1985

94.4

169.8

223.4

3,264.5

5,829.2

1986

96.9

143.2

183.5

3,407.7

6,012.8

1987

100.0

122.5

152.1

3,530.2

6,164.9

1988

103.9

96.9

115.8

3,627.1

6,280.7

1989

108.5

91.5

104.7

3,718.6

6,385.5

1990

113.3

92.4

101.3

3,811.0

6,486.8

1991

117.7

129.5

136.7

3,940.5

6,623.4

1992

121.1

175.5

180.0

4,116.0

6,803.4

1993

124.2

181.6

181.6

4,297.6

6,985.0

1994

127.2

238.0

232.4

4,535.6

7,217.4

1995

130.2

289.0

275.7

4,824.6

7,493.1

Source: DOE Energy Infonnation Administration.

Notes: Although the program name changed in 1981 from “solar” to “renewable” energy, the program contained the same activities.

a. For solar budgets prior to FY 1974, see chapter 3.

b. In FY 1977 the federal gove^rnment changed its fiscal year start and end dates. To accommodate this change, FY 1977 includes five quarters.

image001

Fiscal Year

-m – 1993$ Current Year $

Figure 1.3

History of federal solar or renewable energy budget in current year and 1993 dollars. Source: DOE Energy Information Administration.

image002

Fiscal Year

Active Solar Passive Solar Solar Thermal Solar Bldgs.

Figure 1.4

Breakdown of federal solar budget by solar heat technologies. Sources: DOE EIA, and per­sonal files.

image003

Figure 1.5

Solar heat technologies program organization in 1978.

confusing without a road map. Figure 4.1 displays the evolution of agencies’ involvement in the solar energy program and their major pro­gram responsibilities.

By the beginning of 1978, the DOE had been operating for four months and had taken over most of the solar work previously spread among many agencies. But the changes did not stop. Each successive admin­istration found it necessary to reorganize the part of the DOE that dealt with solar and other renewable sources of energy. Sometimes there were major reorganizations within an administration’s tenure. These reorgani­zations are a dominant theme of chapters 5 and 6, where the influences of the organizations and the individuals who led them are discussed. Figures 1.5-1.8 show four simplified organizational charts for the solar energy program within the DOE from the Carter to the Bush administrations. Chapters 5 and 6 place individuals in some of the positions shown in these charts. (Perhaps here is a good place to apologize to the reader for the frequent use of acronyms, which are endemic to all government pro­grams; to make partial amends, we have included in the front matter an acronym list that should prove useful as you proceed through this and the other volumes of the series.)

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