ENERGY IN SLOVENIA AND CROATIA:. CHALLENGES AND POSSIBILITIES FOR SUSTAINABILITY

A. ZIDANSEK(1’2), R. BLINC(21), I. SLAUS(3), D. NAJDOVSKI(4)

(1>Jozef Stefan International Postgraduate School, Ljubljana, Slovenia
(2>J. Stefan Institute, Ljubljana, Slovenia <3>R. Boskovic Institute, Zagreb, Croatia
(4)X3data, Ljubljana, Slovenia

Three components of a strategy to reduce the negative environmental impact of energy use in Slovenia and Croatia are proposed. This strategy is based on energy production and energy consumption data, which are are presented and analyzed for Slovenia and Croatia. The first component is maximising the use of renewable energy sources. The second strategy component comprises scenarios for changing consumption patterns to meet the sustainability requirements. The third one is emphasising fundamental curiosity driven research that throughout the history has proven to be the most effective solution for various problems including those of energy production. These strategies are being analyzed for Slovenia and Croatia. Besides the technology fix we discuss also social implications of a change in consumption patterns. These three components of the strategy aim not only to meet the requirements of the Kyoto protocol and EU standards, but to make significant progress toward achieving genuine sustainable development according to the original Brundtland Commission definition.

1. Introduction

Development is interconnected with energy. Sustainable development requires that energy is being produced and consumed in a way that does not produce a negative impact on the environment, and that the quality of life and development of future generations are not jeopardized. Each country has to establish its own best strategy for achieving sustainable development. Slovenia has just become a member of the EU, and Croatia is bordering with two members of EU and is aspiring to the full membership in EU. Data on energy production and energy consumption for Slovenia and Croatia are presented and analysed and then we proceed to outline the strategy for reducing the negative environmental impact of energy use.

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