R&D areas

Fourth generation reactor systems involve R&D in the following areas (International Energy Agency, 2008, p. 585):

i Development of sodium-cooled, fast reactors, gas or lead-cooled fast reactors, high temperature reactors, supercritical water reactors, molten salt reactors; ac­celerator-driven sub-critical systems,

ii Fuel cycles: Partitioning and Transmutation (P&T) and actinide recycling,

iii Materials to enhance safety,

iv Solutions to nuclear waste problems,

v Development of internationally approved safety standards and designs.

Generation V+ reactors

Designs which are theoretically possible, but which are not being actively consid­ered or researched at present. Though such reactors could be built with current or near term technology, they trigger little interest for reasons of economics, practicality, or safety. [7]

3.7 ROLE OF NUCLEAR POWER IN INDIA’S ENERGY SECURITY

S. K. Jain

Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited, Mumbai (Bombay), India

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