Other applications of industrial solar chemistry

20.6.1 Closed-loop energy storage systems

The utilization of the solar potential via thermochemical processes can be applied to closed-loop energy storage systems for the storage and transpor­tation of solar energy, as discussed in Chapter 11. The idea of closed-loop energy storage was first suggested in the 1970s and it involved gas phase reactions in endothermic and exothermic reactors with associated counter­flow heat exchangers. In this area of solar thermochemistry, the solar methane reforming (Abbas and Wan Daud, 2010b) and the ammonia solar dissociation reaction systems have received much attention (Dunn et al., 2012).

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