Situation and activity
The farm is part of an isolated hamlet, situated inland from Tarfaya, a coastal town opposite the Canary Islands. The Moroccan climate is both Mediterranean and Atlantic, with a hot dry season followed by a cool and humid season, the end of the hot period being ended by rainfall in October. The Atlantic Ocean is 150 km distant from the farm as the crow flies, and this maritime influence moderates the extremes of temperature that can be found in other parts of the country. The average temperature is around 22-24 °C in summer and 12-14 °C in winter, only occasionally falling below freezing. The maximum temperature, influenced by the proximity of the Sahara, can reach 35-40 °C.
A family of three lives there, engaged in market gardening and goat rearing (50 head). The goats provide milk, which is directly collected by a co-operative for local consumption or cheesemaking on another site. The vegetables are sold on the local market.
Goat farming is highly developed in Morocco, representing 25-30% of the agricultural GDP.
The farmers own a vehicle that they use to go to the village or the neighbouring town, where they can obtain diesel. Before developing the farming activities and considering a PV installation, they used a diesel generator for electricity. But it was noisy and unreliable. Their motivation to use solar energy was strengthened by the possibility of a regional aid package.