# Category EuroSun2008-9

## Testing the project materials in training activities

1.1. Curriculum design

Based on the findings provided by the needs analysis, the in-service teachers’ training course curriculum, as presented in Table 1, was designed.

Table 1. Course Curriculum

 Module Lectures (hours) Applications (hours) Basics of the energy production 4 – Renewable Energy Sources: solar radiation; wind; hydro; biomass; other 6 6 Solar – thermal systems 8 12 Solar PV systems 8 12 Passive solar use 2 4 Systems for Wind Energy conversion 6 8 Small Hydro Systems 4 6 Biomass 6 8 Hybrides: S/T + wind; Solar PV + Wind; S/T+ PV + Wind; Co-generation Systems: 6 6 Energy efficiency and energy saving 4 4 Environmental Management Air, water, soil: Pollutants, Monitoring Integrated Envir...

## The installed capacity

The collector area is a useful figure for the solar thermal experts, but it cannot be compared with the installed capacity in other fields. Therefore the IEA Solar Heating and Cooling programme, Estif and other trade associations have adopted a value of 0,7 kw/m2 as average capacity [10]. This conversion factor has been adopted by the IEA statistics department. Eurostat is considering using the same factor for their statistics. The installed collector capacity can now be compared with other technologies [9].

1.2. Monitoring of the solar thermal production

The total thermal production is in general calculated from the installed collector area. Most countries use a simple figure per square meter of collector...

## Analysis and Discussion

2.4.1 Relationships between sunshine availability and affectivity, stress and well-being

Further to the last comment above, it is interesting initially to test a very simple relationship – positive and negative affectivity scores (with mean averages from 1-5) as a function of the percentage of glass to living room floor area – see Fig.1; where high to low rank order of ratios is: solar tower (41.6%), quasi-solar low-rise (27.9%), solar medium-rise (25%), non­solar medium-rise (19.6%) and non-solar tower (13.7%). It should also be born in mind that the sample size for the solar and non-solar towers was respectively 16 and 12; 9 in the non­solar medium-rise block and 11 in the low-rise quasi-solar scheme; but only 2 in the solar medium-rise case...

## Master Degree Courses

Masters courses are to be introduced at the three African Universities in the PREA project for capacity building in education and training and to promote sustainability concepts in the design, construction and occupancy of buildings. The long term target is to train academicians for more research and further propagation of these ideas and concepts in subsequent courses even after the end of the project’s scheduled time of three years. The aim is to eventually spread these ideas and concepts throughout the entire continent, by cooperation of the three African Universities and by networking with other African institutions engaged in this area.

The masters courses are supposed to use the expertise gained on a similar project in Europe called TAREB (Teaching about Renewable Energy in Buildin...

## Sustainable Energy Systems Studies. at the University of Lisbon

J. Maia Alves1*, Joao M. Serra1, Miguel C. Brito1, Guilherme Carrilho da Gra^a1, Pierre
Hollmuller1, Killian Lobato1, Antonio Vallera1, Antonio Joyce2 and Isabel Cabrita3

1 University of Lisbon, Faculty of Sciences,

Department of Geographical Engineering, Geophysics and Energy
2 INETI, Department of Renewable Energies, Lisbon, Portugal
3 INETI, Department of Energy Engineering and Environmental Control, Lisbon, Portugal

Abstract

Since the academic year of 2006/07 the University of Lisbon offers a 5-year Integrated Master Degree on Energy and Environment Engineering. The University of Lisbon is also one of the Portuguese Universities involved on the MIT-Portugal Program, in particular in the area of Sustainable Energy Systems...

## Community water supply

The village power could also be used for water pumping to provide portable water for the village dwellers. This will cut down on the labor and time women spend to fetch water for drinking and other uses in their families thereby freeing up time for them to participate in learning and other social and economic empowerment activities. Training programs included a public workshop on household water and energy management to ensure energy and water use efficiency.

1.2. Training and Capacity Building Programs

The objective of these activities was to establish the human infrastructure necessary for a sustainable renewable energy industry for rural development...

## How to deal with possible overproduction in the future

One drawback with the study is that no consideration been taken to that fact that the Swedish electricity system today have a large part of non-interruptible power generation, i. e. electricity generation that not can be shut down when the sun shines. This concerns for example a part of the hydroelectric power generation, nuclear power and some industrial power generation. [3] has discussed this and calculated the non-adjustable power generation in Sweden to be 6,9 GW (July) – 12,7 GW (winter). Nuclear power stands for the largest part of this, varying from 4,9 GW (summer) to 9,4 GW (winter)...