Category Solar Power Generation

Canada

Only Ontario offers significant incentive. In 2006 the Ontario Power Authority intro­duced the Renewable Energy Standard Offer Program which was replaced with the 2009 Feed-In Tariff program for renewable energy (FIT). The FIT program was fur­ther divided into the MicroFIT program for projects less than 10 kW, designed to encourage individuals and households to generate renewable energy. The program was launched in September 2009 and the tariffs were fixed then. The solar projects <10 kW received $0.802; however, as of 13 August 2010, ground mounted systems would receive a lower tariff than rooftop mounted systems. Feed-In tariff rates for the

Ontario Power Authority’s FIT and MicroFIT Programmes, for renewable generation capacity of 10 MW or less, connected at 50 kV: Solar Photovoltaic:...

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Taiwan

In 2002 the Renewable Energy Development Plan was approved which aimed for the generation of 10% or more of Taiwan’s total electricity generation through renewable energy sources by 2010. This plan led to concerted efforts by all the concerned to develop renewable energy and to aggressively adopt its use. In 2004, Taiwan enacted ‘Measures for Subsidising Photovoltaic Demonstration Systems’, as part of its National Development Plan 2008. This programme provides subsidies that cover up to 50% of the installation costs for PV systems.

The adopted support scheme foresees a maximum investment subsidy of NT$ 150,000/kWp (3,225 €/kWp) but only up to 50% of installation costs...

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Very High Efficiency Solar Cell Programme

In 2005 the US Defence Advanced Research Projects Agency initiated the Very High Efficiency Solar Cell (VHESC) Programme to develop 50% efficient solar cells over the next years. The aim of the Programme is to reduce the average load of 20 pounds (ca 9 kg) that an average soldier has to carry to power the portable technology gadgets used.

In the first phase, many Universities and Industrial units have participated. In July 2007 DARPA announced the start of the second phase of the programme by funding DuPont-University of Delaware VHESC Consortium to transition the lab-scale work to an engineering and manufacturing prototype model. For this purpose, DARPA awarded the consortium $12.2 million as part of a three-year, multi-phase programme that could total up to $100 million...

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Solar Technology Research Plan

The U. S. strategy for overcoming the challenges and barriers to massive manufacturing, sales, and installation of PV technology is to achieve challenging targets throughout the development pipeline. Specific broad R&D efforts toward achieving these goals include: PV Systems & Module Development, PV Materials & Cell Technologies, Testing & Evaluation, and Grid/Building Integration.

The PV sub-programme’s R&D activities include the following:

I. Research on ‘New Devices and Processes’ focuses on two areas:

1 Next Generation PV: to develop innovative photovoltaic cells and/or pro­cesses by 2015; potential areas of interest included, but were not limited to:

(a) Photovoltaic devices – Organic, crystalline, non-single crystal devices, photoelectrochemical, advanced multijunction, low-di...

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Solar Energy Technologies Programme (SETP)

The aim of this SETP or Solar Programme is to develop cost-competitive solar energy systems for America. The current Multiannual work-programme runs from 2008 to 2012 (DOE 2008). More than $170 million (€121.4 million) are spent each year for research and development on the two solar electric technologies, Photovoltaics and Concentrated solar power, which are considered to have the greatest potential to reach cost competitiveness by 2015. The greatest R&D challenges that this programme lists are the reduction of costs, improvement of system performance, and the search for new ways to generate and store energy captured from the sun.

The SETP also aims to ensure that the new technologies are accepted in the market place...

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Incentives

Many State and Federal policies and programmes have been adopted to encour­age the development of markets for PV. These consist of direct legislative mandates (such as renewable content requirements) and financial incentives (such as tax credits). Financial incentives typically involve appropriations or other public funding, whereas direct mandates typically do not. In both cases, these programmes provide important market development support for PV. Amongst the types of incentives (given below), investment rebates, loans and grants are the most commonly used – at least 39 States in all regions of the country, have such programmes in place.

Most common mechanisms are:

(a) personal tax exemptions (Federal Government, 21 States + Puerto Rico)

(b) corporate tax exemptions (Federal Government,...

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Research and Development

(a) Increase R&D investment to $250 million/annum by 2010;

(b) Strengthen investments in crystalline silicon, thin-film, and balance-of – systems components, as well as new system concepts that are critical to the industry now – reducing the gap between their current cost and performance and their technical potential;

(c) Support higher-risk, longer-term R&D for all system components that can leap-frog beyond today’s technology to new levels of performance and reduce installed system costs;

(d) Enhance funding for facilities and equipment at Centres of excellence, Universities, National labs (Sandia National Laboratories and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory) – as well as the Science and Technology Facility at NREL – to shorten by 50% the time between lab discoveries and industry ...

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Market Expansion

(a) Enact a residential and commercial tax credit that augments current State and Federal support. The first 10 kW installed would receive a 50% tax credit capped at $3 per watt. Any system above 10 kW would be eligible for a 30% tax credit capped at $2 per watt. Decreasing the caps by 5% per year will encourage a steady decline in prices and ease the transition to a market without tax credits;

(b) Modify the wind tax credit for solar so that it can be used together with the existing 10% investment tax credit;

(c) Establish uniform net metering and interconnection standards to give solar power owners simple, equitable access to the grid and fair compensation;

(d) Boost Federal Government procurement of solar power to $100 million per year to build public-sector markets for solar power; and

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